He has published 45 books and over scientific papers, and has broad interests in conservation biology, landscape ecology, vertebrate ecology, forest ecology and woodland conservation. Du kanske gillar. What Makes a Good Farm for Wildlife? Spara som favorit. Linder P.
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On the use of systematic reviews to inform environmental policies. Environ Sci Policy. Commonalities and complementarities among approaches to conservation monitoring and evaluation. Benchmarking as a means to improve conservation practice. Download references. All authors participated in literature searches, literature screening and extraction of metadata from included articles. CB double-checked the full-text screening, compiled the map database and checked all entries in the database.
All authors read and approved the final manuscript. We are grateful for valuable comments and advice received from a considerable number of stakeholders, both at meetings in the initial phase of this project, during the public review of the protocol and during our work with the systematic map.
We would also like to thank Neal Haddaway, who suggested several valuable improvements of the map. The review process has been approved by the EviEM Executive Committee, but the authors are solely responsible for the contents and conclusions of the review. Correspondence to Claes Bernes.
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Search all BMC articles Search. Systematic Map Open Access Published: 29 December What is the impact of active management on biodiversity in boreal and temperate forests set aside for conservation or restoration? Abstract Background The biodiversity of forests set aside from forestry is often considered best preserved by non-intervention.
Methods Searches for literature were made using online publication databases, search engines, specialist websites and literature reviews. Results Our searches identified nearly 17, articles. Conclusions This systematic map identifies a wealth of evidence on the impact of active management practices that could be utilised to conserve or restore biodiversity in forest set-asides.
Background Conservation and restoration of forest biodiversity Globally, forest cover has declined over many millennia, but extensive regions still remain mostly forested, not least in northern Eurasia and North America. Scientific basis for the management of forest set-asides Direct evidence of how active management has affected biodiversity in forest set-asides is relatively sparse, but there has been some improvement over the last few years. Objective of the systematic map The primary aim of this systematic map is to provide an overview of available evidence on how biodiversity in forest set-asides may be affected by various forms of active management.
Primary question What is the impact of active management on biodiversity in boreal and temperate forests set aside for conservation or restoration? Methods Planning the review The design of this systematic map was established in detail in an a priori protocol [ 43 ]. Searches for literature When searching for relevant literature, we used online publication databases, search engines, specialist websites and literature reviews. No time, language or document type restrictions were applied.
Search terms Initially, we conducted a scoping exercise to assess alternative search terms, testing them against a set of about 20 articles known to be relevant. Publication databases The search utilised the following online publication databases: 1. Academic Search 2. Agricola 3. Biological Abstracts 4. JSTOR 7. Libris 8. Science Citation Index Scopus SwePub Web of Science Wiley Online Library The main searches for literature in English were made with the preliminary search string in ten of these databases.
Specialist websites Websites of the specialist organisations listed below were searched for links or references to relevant publications and data, including grey literature. Screening of literature Screening process Articles found by searches in publication databases were evaluated for inclusion at three successive levels. Study inclusion criteria Each study had to pass each of the following criteria in order to be included: Relevant subjects: Forests in the boreal or temperate vegetation zones.
Full size image. Results Literature searches and screening The main searches for literature using the initial English search string were conducted on 4—5 May Overview of article inclusion and screening. Locations of included studies. Discussion This systematic map illustrates that substantive research has been conducted on some management interventions which could conceivably be used to conserve or restore biodiversity in forest set-asides. Interventions A major portion of the studies originate in concepts of forest ecosystem management and assess practices that were designed or modified to produce or sustain multiple forest values, e.
Geographic distribution of studies The vast majority of included studies were conducted in North America. Forest types and outcomes The dominant conifer genera in the forests studied were pine Pinus , spruce Picea , Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga and fir Abies , with oak Quercus and maple Acer being the most frequent dominants in broadleaf stands. Limitations of the systematic map The map is limited to the studies we were able to find using our established protocol. How the systematic map may be used Management of forests set aside for conservation or restoration is commonly organised at a local or regional scale.
Possible systematic review topics On the basis of the availability of studies on different interventions and outcomes we have identified four subtopics on which it would be feasible to complete a full systematic review: 1. Issues including climate variability, water scarcity, animal welfare and declining biodiversity have led to increasing Issues including climate variability, water scarcity, animal welfare and declining biodiversity have led to increasing demands on farmers to conduct and communicate their farming practices so as to protect their social licence to farm.
Farmers are increasingly expected to demonstrate Forest Pattern and Ecological Process is a major synthesis of 25 years of intensive research Indicators and Surrogates of Biodiversity and Environmental. Ecological surrogates and indicators are used widely by resource managers because they provide a simpler Ecological surrogates and indicators are used widely by resource managers because they provide a simpler way to monitor and understand complex biota and ecosystem processes. The potential for surrogates and indicators to guide complex resource management has meant they have There can be little doubt that there are truly colossal challenges associated with providing food, There can be little doubt that there are truly colossal challenges associated with providing food, fibre and energy for an expanding world population without further accelerating already rapid rates of biodiversity loss and undermining the ecosystem processes on which we Mistletoes of Southern Australia.
Mistletoes are an enigmatic group of plants. Lacking roots and depending on other plants for Lacking roots and depending on other plants for their livelihood, they have inspired a range of beliefs throughout the world. Some people regard them as mystical plants endowed with magical properties, others as